OSLO, Norway — DNV is leading three joint industry projects (JIPs) to further develop software that simulates gas dispersion, fire and explosions for safety purposes in carbon capture and storage (CCS), hydrogen and ammonia developments.
The KFX computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software simulates what happens to liquids, vapor clouds and potential dry ice formation when accidents occur, with the simulations providing the basis for design of installations and for mitigating the consequences.
If an accidental release arises, scenarios vary widely depending on the properties of the gases or liquids.
One JIP, in partnership with Equinor and TotalEnergies, is focused on the consequences of accidental release, depending on conditions such as terrain and wind, combined with dry ice formation and its impact on dispersion.
Another, with Equinor, is assessing the consequences of low storage temperatures, dispersion, fires and explosivity.
The third JIP, with Equinor, Vår Energi and Horisont Energi, is targeting solutions for ammonia safety, analyzing alternative strategies to mitigate the consequences of toxicity.
DNV has developed KFX CFD software has been developed for more than 25 years with support from Equinor, TotalEnergies, ConocoPhillips, Eni, Gassco, GRT GAZ and the Research Council of Norway.